How to easily get rid of the cottony cushion scale?
Cottony cochineal insect-plant is a light-colored oval-shaped, covered with cottony silk is protecting the eggs. It is one of the most common garden pests and often attack a variety of plants. Both are tropical, vines, shrubs and ornamental trees, fruit trees, conifers, citrus, palms, geraniums, ficus, herbs, and so on.
There is sexual dimorphism, which means that the male is different from the female since he is winged and wingless it is, ie, without wings. The male usually flies in search of the female, she mates, and she lays eggs on the plant where it is. As is known, you can put a cottony mass with up to 2000 eggs, provided that the conditions are as favorable as possible, ie, that prowl by 30º C.
How to detect the cottony cochineal plants?
Cochineal primarily attacks the weakened plants, that have symptoms of stress. These insects what they do is stick his beak sucking and sucking the sap and plant juices to feed.
It does so in the fruits, leaves, trunks, and branches. Thus, what it achieves is that the plant leaves begin to yellow, the fruit fall prematurely and arises treacle, which favors the appearance of fungus boldface, also called sooty mold, shown as a powder of black color similar to soot in the stems, leaves and various parts of the plant.
Another negative aspect of this pest is that it is somewhat difficult to detect, and this is because it is installed in the less visible areas of plants.
Cottony cushion scale is not only harmful to its power supply, but also because, as said earlier, generates the sooty mold, and this attracts ants.
To detect the cottony cushion scale, examine your plants weekly, especially in the inner faces of the sheets, to check for white cotton wool spots (white cochineal) or molasses.
How to prevent, combat, and eliminate it?
There are several predators that you can purchase and incorporate planting to combat the cottony cushion scale as Criptolaemus montrouzieri and Anagyrus pneumococci.
You can also prevent the presence of this pest in indoor plants, avoiding excessive environmental dryness changing the location of the plant to a much cooler and illuminated or site, through the installation of humidifiers in the home.
If you detect early the cottony cochineal, you can remove it with a piece of cotton soaked in methyl alcohol or a soft bristle brush.
When the infestation is high, preferably using one specific insecticide or neem oil, and repeat applications every two days until completely disappear.
Also, you must remove all the leaves that are attacked and put the parts pruned in a tightly closed plastic bag, which will have to expose to the sun for heat to be responsible for killing them. And if the plant is infected too, it is unlikely to recover.
Notably, there are those who use natural remedies to combat and eliminate the cottony cushion scale as vinegar, garlic, and hot sauce in a ratio of 1-1-1, or half a liter of water, half a liter of alcohol and five cloves garlic; liquefies, is strained and passed to a spray bottle and sprayed plants weekly until no pest.